The pressure generated by this fluid inside the eye is known as eye pressure or intra ocular pressure. In both the types, the drainage channels are probed to provide passage to the fluid and allow it to flow out. In case of optical nerve damage, no visible changes around the eyes are usually noticed, but in some patients, swelling or enlargement of the blood vessels around the nerve may be seen. The risk factors for this condition include near-sightedness, eye injuries, inflammatory eye conditions, diabetes, hypothyroidism, family history, and prolonged use of corticosteroids. Ethmoid sinusitis is one of the most common causes of throbbing eye socket pain. It is believed that having a diet rich in vitamin C might help in strengthening the walls of the blood vessels. Our eyes are coated with a thin film of fluid, referred to as tear film. People suffering from hyperthyroidism or Grave's disease, may at times develop eye symptoms, which is termed as Grave's eye disease. Other than that there is nothing much to do. To treat primary glaucoma, mostly surgery is needed.
Tear stimulants, anti-inflammatory eye drops, and oral anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed by the vet. There are two types of glaucoma: primary and secondary. This condition refers to the inflammation of the eye margin, and is mostly caused by bacterial infection or seborrhoeic dermatitis skin disorder. People who are affected by high eye pressure should seek prompt medical attention, as this condition is known to develop into glaucoma. Both high and low eye pressure can lead to pain behind the eye and headache.